One of the most typical symptoms of a broken toe is swelling in the injured area. All broken bones bleed to some extent. This bleeding, called edema also causes pain in the affected area. Muscles around the broken bone may also spasm which can cause further bleeding, swelling, and pain. This swelling between the layers of fat, muscle, and skin are the most notable symptoms of a broken toe.
When the body experiences any form of trauma, fluids can be released into the soft tissue around the injury. These fluids will cause visible swelling at the site. Swelling is a common symptom present in several medical conditions, but when a person has just suffered an injury, swelling is most likely due to a broken toe.
As the blood and liquid collect under the skin, the area will start to look like a bruise. The entire to may swell, or even the adjacent toe as well.