The eyes are comprised of several elements, and each one is sensitive and can be at risk of being damaged or injured. The cornea, the clear, outer-most portion of the eyeball, plays a crucial role, as it covers and shields the iris and pupil; however, because of its location, it is the most susceptible to injury and illness. Keratitis, an inflammation of the cornea, is one of the most common afflictions of this part of the eye.
There are two main types of keratitis: infectious and noninfectious. There are a variety of factors that can lead to the development of either type. Some of the most common causes include injuries, foreign objects entering the eye, bacterial and viral infections, and exposure to environmental allergens. Keratitis is fairly easy to diagnose, as the symptoms are rather obvious. If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, schedule an appointment with your doctor.
1. Pain and irritation.
The most common and obvious sign of both infectious and noninfectious keratitis is pain and irritation. Because this condition occurs when the cornea becomes inflamed, and because the eye is so sensitive, if this part of the eye is swollen, it will naturally lead to painful irritation.
There are several other conditions that affect the eye that can also cause pain, such as conjunctivitis (pink eye) and styes; however, if you are experiencing any of the other symptoms that are listed below, along with pain and irritation, chances are you are suffering from some form of keratitis.
Initially, the pain is usually mild; however, as the condition worsens, the pain will also worsen and can become almost debilitating. If left untreated, keratitis can cause severe eye and vision problems, so this condition does need to be treated. A doctor will offer to provide you with effective treatment options.