2. Birth defects
The birth defects of children born in South and Central America over the last 5 years are the reason behind the recent media coverage of Zika. The defects, which typically affect the baby’s head and brain development are really distressing to see in photographs and in news items, however, the reality is that infection of pregnant women in the United States and other developed countries is unlikely due to a number of reasons,
This is little consolation for pregnant women in Zika areas, nor is it compensation for the mothers of deformed children, who were either unaware of the threat, or unable to protect themselves against it. The prevalence of Zika caused birth defects in poorer communities is considerably higher than that in well off communities, perhaps indicative of the imbalances of social and medical care, or maybe just a matter of geography. Either way, the birth defects of Zika are undeniably harrowing.