2. Turner syndrome
Turner syndrome, often abbreviated to TS, is a genetic condition in which a female is either completely or partially missing an X chromosome. Characteristic identifiers of this condition include ears located lower than average and webbed necks — often relatively short in length. There is no known cure as of yet, though scientists have been conducting research into potential treatment options.
Heart defects are common in patients with Turner syndrome. This is why they are more likely to develop aortic dissection. Unlike hypertension, this condition/risk factor is limited to women and does not affect men.
Small jaws and stunted growth are among other common symptoms caused by Turner syndrome. The cardiac implications of Turner syndrome can put patients at a high risk of aortic dissection, especially during strenuous activities. That being said, TS patients can live normal lives with proper treatment and regular checkups.