The exact cause of this disease is still unknown to medical science. However, experts believe that it may originate from a bacterial or viral infection. The disease cause organ inflammation, most prominently in the lungs, where it creates granulomas. Granulomas are small clumps of inflammatory cells that produce an inflammatory response in the infected organ. In the case of a lung infection, an individual may experience symptoms of shortness of breath, coughing, and wheezing.
Sarcoidosis is more common in females than in men, with almost 90% of confirmed cases occurring in African-American women. The symptoms of sarcoidosis can also include weight loss, joint pain, and swelling.
Medical experts think that this inflammatory disease could infect the nervous system as well. Inflammation of the seventh cranial nerve due to sarcoidosis infection could be a possible cause of Bell’s palsy. Treatment for the disease includes anti-viral medications and administration of antibiotics to cure the infection.