Prerenal azotemia is actually understood to be by far the most common form of kidney failure. It is certainly the most common form that is observed or ever seen in hospitalized patients. It is usually the case that any patients needing to make use of long term care facilities find themselves being commonly diagnosed with prerenal azotemia.
This is especially true if they have been diagnosed with dehydration or a lack of water intake, not that this is something that doctors typically diagnose, given that it is a cause as opposed to an actual illness.
With the condition known as prerenal azotemia, a poorly performing or complete lack of perfusion from the kidneys happens when something called extracellular fluid volume is depleted or when there is an incidence of cardiovascular disease.
There are several causes of the condition that are useful to know about, not just when it comes to treating the condition, but when it comes to preventing it as well.
This is by far the most common condition of this type of kidney failure. Dehydration is actually a very misunderstood thing to affect the human body, which is kind of crazy when you think about it.
Given that our bodies are made up of so much water, you would think that it should be ingrained in us to ensure we regularly top ourselves up. Even with the various campaigns and information we receive from the cradle to the grave though, dehydration is something that still occurs regularly and leads to conditions such as this one developing.
It would be naïve to think of dehydration as something which only occurs in places where water isn’t readily accessible, but if you have an understanding of how dehydration can cause such conditions in developed countries, spare a thought for how bad things could be in developing countries. You should aim to drink between 2 to 3 liters a day.